Posts Tagged ‘red wiggler worms’

Worm 101: Earthworm Life Cycle

Wednesday, July 7th, 2010
An earthworm that is typically used for vermicomposting lives and dies on the ground. It’s basically how things go for them. They spend their whole lives thriving amidst organic scraps, producing valuable castings, and also producing offspring. And since they need to breed to multiply, they turn to their own kind for reproduction purposes. Earthworms are born hermaphrodites; and it basically means that earthworms are born with both male and female reproductive organs. Eventhough earthworms produce both sperm and eggs, it still needs another worm to be able to breed, produce offspring and lay eggs. This is how an earthworm life cycle begins.
The life cycle for earthworms start when they find a mate to reproduce with. You’ll know that your red wigglers are mating should you observe them on top of each other, while being wrapped inside a mucus-like substance. And as soon as they’re protected by this, they will now start to exchange sperm into one another. From here on, the sperm and the eggs will then begin to develop (fertilization will then occur inside each worms bodies).
During this breeding process, a thick ring of slime will then be observed forming around each of the red worms bodies. And when the earthworms are finally seen wiggling forward, it only means that they are already in the process of laying eggs on the ground. Rings of eggs that emerge out of the worms bodies will turn into a cocoon. These protective shells are then hidden beneath the ground, and will also serve as a defensive shield for the growing worm inside the egg.
You’ll only have to wait two weeks of incubation for these eggs to start hatching (if the weather surrounding it is warm). Give these eggs about 3 months to hatch completely if they’re bound in a cold environment. This usually happens during the fall and winter seasons. Aside from these facts, a worm egg may also contain one to two newly hatched earthworms; and they start out with a body length of 12 millimeters long. The newborns will hatch from their eggs without any reproductive organs yet; but they can already start mating as early as 12 months old (as their reproductive organs have already developed by this time).
Adult worm composting earthworms can measure at an average of 1 foot long, some even growing up to 20 feet. The average lifespan of an adult earthworm may take up to  4 to 8 years, and may even reach up to 10 years. They may be able to live this long should they be well taken cared of. A worm may stay alive for 10 years should it be protected from unwanted visitors. And if things become unfortunate, then the earthworm life cycle ends completely.
GardenWorms.com recommends the Live Composting Worms
If you’re looking to find live composting worms for your gardening and/or farming needs, need not worry as GardenWorms offers 12 of the best worm products. Choose from our wide selection of worm composting packages, as we offer 1,000 red wriggler worms, 1,000 super reds or nightcrawlers, and more! Will make sure to have your orders sealed and shipped with extra care.
To know more about the product, check the Live Composting Worms here.

Red Wiggler wormsAn earthworm that is typically used for vermicomposting lives and dies on the ground. It’s basically how things go for them. They spend their whole lives thriving amidst organic scraps, producing valuable castings, and also producing offspring. And since they need to breed to multiply, they turn to their own kind for reproduction purposes. Earthworms are born hermaphrodites; and it basically means that earthworms are born with both male and female reproductive organs. Eventhough earthworms produce both sperm and eggs, it still needs another worm to be able to breed, produce offspring and lay eggs. This is how an earthworm life cycle begins.

The life cycle for earthworms start when they find a mate to reproduce with. You’ll know that your Red Wigglers are mating should you observe them on top of each other, while being wrapped inside a mucus-like substance. And as soon as they’re protected by this, they will now start to exchange sperm into one another. From here on, the sperm and the eggs will then begin to develop (fertilization will then occur inside each worms bodies).

During this breeding process, a thick ring of slime will then be observed forming around each of the red worms‘ bodies. And when the earthworms are finally seen wiggling forward, it only means that they are already in the process of laying eggs on the ground. Rings of earthworm eggs that emerge out of the worms bodies will turn into a cocoon. These protective shells are then hidden beneath the ground, and will also serve as a defensive shield for the growing worm inside the egg.

You’ll only have to wait two weeks of incubation for these eggs to start hatching (if the weather surrounding it is warm). Give these eggs about 3 months to hatch completely if they’re bound in a cold environment. This usually happens during the fall and winter seasons. Aside from these facts, a worm egg may also contain one to two newly hatched earthworms; and they start out with a body length of 12 millimeters long. The newborns will hatch from their eggs without any reproductive organs yet; but they can already start mating as early as 12 months old (as their reproductive organs have already developed by this time).

Adult worm composting earthworms can measure at an average of 1 foot long, some even growing up to 20 feet. The average lifespan of an adult earthworm may take up to  4 to 8 years, and may even reach up to 10 years. They may be able to live this long should they be well taken cared of. A worm may stay alive for 10 years should it be protected from unwanted visitors. And if things become unfortunate, then the earthworm life cycle ends completely.

GardenWorms.com recommends the Live Composting Worms

Live Composting WormsIf you’re looking to find live composting worms for your gardening and/or farming needs, need not worry as GardenWorms offers 12 of the best worm products. Choose from our wide selection of worm composting packages, as we offer 1,000 red wriggler worms, 1,000 super reds or nightcrawlers, and more! Will make sure to have your orders sealed and shipped with extra care.

To know more about the product, check the Live Composting Worms here.

How to use Worm Castings Effectively

Tuesday, June 22nd, 2010

worm poopDid you know that earthworms, especially red wriggler worms, eat from 50 to 75 percent of their body weight everyday? They certainly do! These worms can be fed with a variety of natural products (from vegetable and fruit scraps, to animal manure, etc). And as an end result, these worms secrete a substance which is called, Worm Castings. Unlike many chemical products, worm poop are non-toxic so you don’t have to worry about mishandling it. It does not post any threat to you, to your kids, or to your pets.

You can use red worms castings effectively by using them in improving the growth of your plants, as these worm composts are also rich in nutrients. Just imagine all those natural products they consume all the time! Not only that, worm composts may further help in improving a plants size, bloom quantity and quality, as well as its color (especially for flowers). As for fruits and vegetables, their yield not only increases; the taste and the appearance improves as well.

Aside from these facts, these substances that have undergone worm composting can also help in softening soils that are usually chemically damaged. Soils usually harden especially when they lack the necessary soil biology. Adding composts from worms will help bring it back to its balance, and also back to its softened and workable condition.

These worm composts when used on plants, especially when you use red wriggler worms, can also control fungus growth, as well as provide a good defense against plant diseases. These too can eliminate odor instantly and effectively. You can even mix red wiggler worms casting, with other animal composts, and smell the difference in a few hours. This method of mixing worm manure to other animal compost can even help eliminate offensive odors, especially when used as a fertilizer.

Aside from these advantages, a kind of worm compost called Black Gold, can also be used as an insect repellant. One of the key elements for repelling insects is it level of ‘Chitinase-producing organisms’. Chitinase is considered to be an enzyme that helps in dispelling Chitin (which makes up an insects exoskeleton). So basically, when insects sense the level of Chitinase in plants and soil, they either leave it alone or stay for long. So if the Chitinase level is high, then it’s a sure sign for them to leave the premises right away. Composts from worms definitely have a high-level of Chitinase to repel these insects away.

SO remember to use these tips to your advantage. These proven facts will help you in using worm castings effectively.

GardenWorms.com recommends the Worm “Hobby” Kit

GardenWorms' Worm 'Hobby' Kit

GardenWorms' Worm 'Hobby' Kit

Be experimental with The Worm “Hobby” Kit today! It includes the best of Uncle Jim’s 500 red wriggler worms; and also comes with a starter bedding, a 3-month (specially blended) feed supply, as well as a moisture-retaining burlap. This plastic container (16” L x 11” W x 6” H) also comes with detailed instructions, so you won’t have to worry about getting through the processes.
Order the Worm “Hobby”  Kit here.

Vermicomposting in Garden Beds

Tuesday, June 8th, 2010

Vermicomposting in garden beds comes with different challenges.  You still do the same procedure except with the use of worm bin but this time, you do it directly in your garden beds.

The usual process would ask you to have worm bin where you will raise the worms until they excrete their wastes called compost.  This time, what you have to do first is dig holes in the garden bed.  However, you have to keep in mind that doing worm composting this way with the use of Red Wiggler worms isn’t as easy as the usual way.

Your first problem may be the temperature because you know very well that Red worms hate too hot and too cold places so you have to choose the best location.  Unlike worm bins, you cannot transfer the garden beds.  Remember that even if you do worm composting in garden beds, composting worms still have the same needs.

Once the holes are ready, put all the organic materials that you have.  You can use tea bags, coffee grounds, grass clippings, kitchen scraps (excluding oily ones), fruit peelings (except the acidic fruits like citrus) and other wastes.  As mentioned, vermicomposting in garden beds is like the usual process except with the absence of worm bins so still, you are not supposed to add meat, fish, bones, pet droppings, dairy products and other organic materials that were sprayed with insecticides or pesticides.

You may also worry about the artistic side of your garden especially if it’s a flower garden since the wastes are exposed.  Well, you can cover the garden bed with straw or coconut coir.  Dig or stir the compost pile using shovel to mix the materials and for sure, Red Wiggler worms will do their part.

Tiger Worms for Composting

Thursday, May 13th, 2010

Red wiggler wormsUntil today, the tag Tiger Worms for Composting can still be heard in the vermicomposting industry.  Not that it has become the trend but Tiger worms have proven to be effective in the process making them more famous among other types of composting worms.  Also known as Red Wiggler Worms, Eisenia Fetida, Red Worms and Manure Worms, Tiger Worms possess all the characteristics needed to produce nutrient-rich compost.

The reason behind the Tiger Worms for Composting mania is the fact that Tiger Worms are excellent in many ways.  First, they are able to dig deep into the soil (up to inches to be exact) allowing a more loosened and aerated soil.  Second, their ability to consume large amount of organic materials is unfathomable.  They are able to consume half or even as much as their body mass.  With this, their ability to produce larger amount of organic fertilizers is as well overwhelming.

Third, Tiger Worms are not as demanding as others.  You house them in your old plastic container with shredded newspapers as their bedding and that’s fine.  You place their house under your kitchen sink or even in your basement and garage and it’s still fine with them.  You just have to maintain a temperature of 50-85 degrees Fahrenheit and an acidity level of 6.0-7.0 pH level and everything is good.

Lastly and most importantly, there is this so called Tiger Worms for Composting phenomena because Tiger Worms are more than capable of producing casings that are 100% natural.  These castings can be used as organic fertilizer for your plants or you can also make compost tea out of those castings.

So should you want to have vermicomposting on your next stop, do it with Tiger Worms only.  That way, you’ll have the experience firsthand.

How to Raise Red Worms Effectively

Thursday, April 29th, 2010

many red worms in dirtYou do not want to make a mess when you raise your Red Worms, do you?  So to make things easier for you, you should then be geared with all the knowledge that you need in order to effectively increase the number of your worms (which by the way can be used as fishing baits and composting worms).

First thing that you have to consider is the worm bin.  You can buy commercial worm bins or you can do it on your own.  It is important that you drill holes in the lid, at the bottom and at the side of the container to allow air inside.  Also, see to it that the container that you’ll use is not transparent.  When it comes to bedding, have your newspapers and magazines cut into strips then soak them into water.  It’s your responsibility to maintain the acidity level (6.5 PH) inside the bin and a temperature of 50-85 degrees Fahrenheit.  Red Worms neither love to dwell in dry nor soggy places.

The Red Worms’ diet is as important as their home.  If one is defective, you may not have the best result.  You actually won’t encounter much problem with their foods.  Red Worms are heavy feeders of organic materials so even your kitchen scraps, grass cuttings, coffee grounds and tea bags will do.  Just make sure that you do not feed them with dairy products, fish, meat, fresh manure and bones.  Acidic fruits like citrus are also not good.

If you give them grass clippings, see to it that those were not previously sprayed with chemicals. With kitchen scraps, avoid giving them oily foods.

There it goes: the home, acidity level, temperature and the diet thing.  If all are carefully executed and maintained, you are sure to have healthy Red Worms!

Using Worm Farm Kits

Tuesday, April 20th, 2010

worm farm kitWorm farm kits are very useful especially for those who are still new in vermicomposting. The materials provided in every kit will suffice to gear you towards the work of worm composting.  While you get all the information and pertinent instructions through the internet, it is still most recommended that you acquire a worm farm kit to make learning easier and more enjoyable.

There are different stores that offer different kits.  Each of course varies in prices.  It is advised that you buy the simplest one because choosing a complicated kit would also complicate your learning.  Don’t just pick what you think is good because you might get the kit for professionals.

If you already have the simplest or starter kit with you, make sure to read the instructions very well.  The worms are already given (mostly Red Wiggler worms are given as they are the most recommended composting worms) together with the bedding, bin and everything that you need in having a worm farm at home.  Your routine would usually be just feeding the worms because everything is already provided.  This is good because you save time and at the same time you get the chance to see how the process works.  You’ll be able to observe how worms burrow and how organic materials are converted into nutrient-rich fertilizer.

At first, this may just seem to be a hobby on your part but as you go along, you may realize that vermicomposting can really be more than just fun and enjoyment.  Once you’ve mastered how it works through your worm farm kit, then you’ll be more than ready to venture in this activity.  Who knows, this will also be your business in the future.  For now, you just have to be content with a worm farm kit and learn to do the process by heart.

Using Red Wiggler Worms as Bait

Saturday, April 10th, 2010

Red Wigglers worm seem to be so delicious for the fishes.  Though a bit smaller as compared to European Night Crawlers, Red Wiggler worms are as irresistible as the former because of its physical attributes.  You just have to learn the right technique and the right procedure in using Red Wiggler Worms as baits in order for you to catch your target fish.

Red Wiggler Worms as BaitThe most common mistake of those who go for fishing is the unequal size of their hook and their worm.  Fishes are also wise; they can easily detect whether someone is after them or not.  To deceive them, you have to make sure that your hook and your Red Wiggler worm is of the same size.  This will give the fish the notion that what’s in front is just a food.  This will further give you a better chance to get what you want because if you have a bigger worm and a smaller hook, what may happen is that the fish will only nibble on the worm until it eventually dies.  Remember that fishes do not like dead baits.

When ready, slowly sink the hook in the water.  Do not worry about your bait because Red Wiggler worms do not easily die once they are already in the hook and submerged into water. When you feel that the fish is already there, do not immediately raise the hook.  Allow more time for the fish to play with your worm.  You don’t also have to worry about your worm sliding from the hook because the Red Worm’s skin will keep its body from falling.  And when you feel that it has already bitten the bait, go and do what you have to do.

There are times when the fish, even while you’re already pulling the rod up will try to run away from you.  Well, that’s normal.  Do the process again and again.  Fishes are also not good on handling temptations so the more you lure them with your baits, the more that you get the chance of catching them.

Raising Red Wiggler Worms for Fishing

Friday, March 26th, 2010

handful of composting worms

handful of composting worms

Red wiggler worms can be used for different purposes.  First, they can be used for gardening because their worm castings are perfect organic fertilizer for the plants.  The castings can also be made as compost tea which will be sprayed directly to your crops.  Raising this kind of composting worm can give you nothing but benefits.  If in case you don’t have a garden of your own and you are fond of fishing, good news because Red Wiggler worms are perfect as fishing baits.

When you want to have a good catch, we recommend that you raise your own Red Wiggler worms.  It’s easy so you won’t be burdened at all.  First, set up the worm bin.  You may want to buy commercial bin if you don’t have time to make your own but if you want it to be homemade, just use a plastic container that has a lid and is not transparent.  Drill some holes at the side and bottom for drainage and aeration.  You can use your old newspapers, magazines and cardboards for the bedding.  Cut those into strips and don’t forget to soak them into water but make sure that they are not too soggy.  Once the bin is set, you may carefully place the Red Wiggler worms inside.

Maintain the bin properly.  Food and temperature is very important so you have to be careful on those things.  Organic materials like kitchen scraps (free from oil), fruit peeling, grass cutting (those that were not sprayed with insecticides and pesticides only), tea bags, coffee grounds and more would be good for them but dairy products, meat, fish and fresh manure wouldn’t do them any good.  Temperature should also be at 50-80 degrees Fahrenheit and the bin should be located in an area that is not too hot or too cold.

In just few weeks, your red worms will multiply.  You can already have irresistible baits and the good thing about Red Wiggler worms is that they do not immediately die when placed in the hook.  This will give you time to lure your fishes.

Red Wiggler Worms for Schools

Monday, March 1st, 2010

`we_dig_dirt_wormTeaching students (be it elementary or high school students) about Red Wiggler Worms will encourage them to care for the environment in their simple way.  Introducing these creatures to them is also like teaching them mathematics, science and biology as vermicomposting through the use of composting worms will include different processes.

Red Wiggler worms for school will facilitate learning.  In your part as a teacher, all you need to do is prepare a container that is about 6 inches deep.  You may ask the students to bring newspapers and magazines.  To allow participation, ask them to shred those while some would drill holes on the container.  After the shredding and the drilling, ask the students to place those newspapers inside the bin because these will serve as the bedding for the worms.

After that, you can show them the Red Wiggler worms.  Expect different reactions at first.  Kids are kids but take that opportunity to explain to them the purpose of the activity, the benefits of doing it and of course, their roles in completing the activity.  After that, allow them to hold the worms and carefully place them inside the bin.  Feed them with organic materials such as food scraps, grass cuttings.  To better implement this in the school, encourage waste segregation so that the biodegradable ones will be used as foods for the Red Wiggler worms.  Educate the students that they need to give the worms foods that are as much as their body weight only.  Your students once the activity is done will have different questions; just entertain them.  Give them the responsibility to also look after the bin each day.  Ask them to do simple tasks like changing the bedding, looking after the temperature (should be 50-85 degrees Fahrenheit) and foods of the worms.

In just a month, you can already harvest the castings and use it for the school’s garden.  Just imagine how you helped manage the school’s waste and create awareness among students.

If you like this blog post, you will also love to read about:

Red Wigglers for classroom

What not to feed Red Wigglers

Saturday, February 20th, 2010

eat wormsIf you are to pursue worm composting, you should familiarize the likes and dislikes of your composting worms.  Red Wiggler worms are not really choosy but one mistake may lead to their death.  Perhaps you already know the temperature that they need the location, the bedding and all.  This time, you have to know the foods that would irritate and make them happy.

Basically, Red Wigglers thrive in organic materials.  They enjoy eating dried leaves, shredded newspapers, cardboards, magazines, grass clippings, tea bags, coffee grounds, vegetable scraps, fruit peelings and bread.  They can eat half or as much as their weight.

However, you should take note that these composting worms have restrictions too.  Though organic material, you cannot feed them with the wastes of your pets.  You are also not supposed to give them metals, chemicals, insecticides, paint, oils and plastics.  Those insecticides and pesticides are of course not directly given to them.  Often times, the grass clippings which you know are organic have been sprayed with those chemicals.  Oils and salts on the other hand are usually present in cooked foods.  Meat and dairy products are also not good for the worms.  Meats and bones of animals are actually good but the problem is, once these are given to worms, they may be smelly and in the end invite insects in the bin.  These foods are also hard to eat.  In vegetable scraps, avoid giving them cabbage, onions and garlic because these contain limonene.  Fruits that are acidic like citrus and pineapple are also not good for the worms

Foods are really important for the Red Wiggler worms.  If given proper nutrients through those foods, there won’t be any problem at all.