Vermicomposting is basically done through the help of composting worms. Breeds such as Red worms, African Night Crawler (Eudrillus eugeniae) or Blue worms can be great for worm composting.
The most common and usually most recommended type is the Eisenia Fetida but many people are also now discovering the potential of African Night Crawlers. These are about 6-8 inches long and the good thing about them is that they are by nature hermaphrodite. Meaning, they both have the male and female organ so even if you have only two worms, they can multiply. Just like the red worms, eudrillus eugeniae also thrive on organic materials such as your food scraps, fruit peelings, grass cuttings, tea bags, coffee grounds and more.
To start with the worm composting process, prepare a container where they will stay. You can also use any box that is about 3 inches in width and 2 inches in depth. Then, put soggy soil in the box. It should be around 8-10 inches. Make sure that the soil is wet, almost muddy.
Once their little home is done, you can already place the worms. You may purchase this kind of composting worm or you can also dig the soil after a heavy rain to get these worms. They will immediately bury themselves in the soil once placed there. You just have to wait for 2-3 weeks before they multiply.
In feeding the worms, remember to cut any organic material into pieces for a faster composting process. With regard to the bin, always place it in a cool and shady place. Maintain a moist soil, otherwise the worms will die. Keep the acidity level at 6-7 and maintain a temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
African Night Crawlers eat a lot and are extremely voracious so they are perfect for vermicomposting. The byproduct of Edurillus Eugeniae is very suitable for plants because it is nutrient-rich. With this, you not only help control the wastes at home but you are also able to have more than enough natural fertilizer for your garden.
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