Prevention Tips and Treatments for Common Crop Diseases
You may have encountered several common crop diseases. And you’ve probably pondered about the most effective remedies that can be used to treat specific plant ailments. But of course, prevention is always the best way to go. So starting your organic garden with a good foundation will certainly make it more impervious to diseases. You can keep your plot healthy by using organic solutions such as worm compost or seaweed spray, amongst other things.
3 types of Plant Disease: Bacterial, Viral, and Fungal
Any form of plant disease will aid in restricting a plants full development (preventing the crop from functioning properly). And such disorders typically fall under three kinds: bacterial (primarily targets the zucchini, cucumber, and melon types), viral, and fungal (the most common of all the three). For instance, bacterial diseases may damage the plant by simply creating obstructions on its pathways. These are the vessels that basically bring in nutrients and water to the plant. Now, viral disease on the other hand may cause crops to develop into mutilated-looking flora. Similarly, a plant that has been populated with a fungal plant disease has potentially been restricted of its food supply. Keeping the crop from receiving the nutrients that it needs to thrive will gradually weaken it.
Understanding the diseases that may attack your garden
Bacterial crop diseases can be tough to deal with. And this specific disease can affect a plant when it has lesions or other damages on it. Basically, the bacteria will be able to penetrate into the plant’s system by infusing a slimy substance through the wound of the crop. Now in contrast to this, a viral infection will attach itself to a plant host; later on producing more of itself inside the plant’s cell. Now most tomato plant diseases (leaves may show crumpling) rise up from a virus attack. A plant will start to show some discoloration (light green and yellow) and spots on it when the infestation progresses. In addition to these disorders, rust fungus is also as destructive to foliage. The harmful kind (as not all fungi are dangerous) can be found on any form of landscape or plant. Moreover, it particularly preys on other microbes’ food supply; and also causes lawns to be impaired with brown patches, mildews, blights, and others more.
How to control plant diseases
You can help prevent certain rust (plant disease) from attacking your garden by practicing a few preventive methods. You can start by determining the different common crop diseases. It’s always best to know what you’ll be dealing with, to get a more exact diagnosis. You should also know more of the foliage that you intend to plant. Make sure that what you’ve acquired are pest and disease free. Besides that, also make it a habit to water early in the morning, as keeping your plants dry by sundown will protect it from getting fungal diseases. Another solution is to practice crop rotation, as this can help decelerate the growth of clubroot spores. You may also use organic pesticides and fungicides that have been created to destroy disease-spreading insects.
Tags: organic gardening