There are a variety of readily available plastic worm bins in the market today; and worm containers made out of wood are also amongst gardeners’ choices. But by choosing to build your own, you not only experience the craft of making it, you also get to assemble a worm bin that will set you apart from all the commercially made containers in the market. Create a bin for your worms that’s specifically designed for worm composting. There are plenty of facts about vermicomposting that you may look up online, to further understand the real need for worm containers. And starting your own wood worm bin construction at home can be also done at your own convenience.
Before proceeding to your wood worm bin construction, consider these first: bin size preference, materials to use, and a good ventilation and drainage system. Wood is a good material, as it provides better aeration and insulation, as compared to plastic-made containers.
Step 1: Plan-out your desired size for the worm bin. You can modify the worm bin size as you base it on the quantity of organic materials that you aim to compost. To calculate for that, you’ll need 1 square foot of surface area (for your bin) for every pound of waste that is put in and casted. Homemade worm bins should be no deeper than 8 to 12 inches, as it enables the composting worms to function properly. This will allow them to feed on organic materials on the soil surface and to take advantage of aeration. Worms climb to top of bin, so make sure that the bin’s dimensions encourages this especially after they’ve deposited their castings.
Step 2: Gather your materials for your worm composting bin. You’ll need a power saw or hand saw, a hammer, a pencil and measuring tape, some glue, a square, a drill (with 1/4″ and 3/32″ bits), and some sandpaper. Also use gears for your eyes, ear and body. You can build your bin by using a 4-by-8 foot of sheet plywood. Your plywood should also be in exterior grade and should be non-treated (as chemicals may eventually cause a leak inside the bin). You can use this for the bin’s base, lid, sides and ends. You can start assembling all the pieces together by putting glue on it first, before securing it with nails.
Dimensions for the materials:
- Bin – 16 in.(H) x 2ft(W) x 4ft(L)
- Base and Lid – 2-by-4ft; with sides that measure 16in.x4 ft; ends 16in.x24 in.
- Cleats – two-by-fours (screw these into the interior corners of the sides and ends)
Step 3: To create an effective ventilation and aeration system for your red worms, you must drill about 12 (3/8-in.) holes on the bin’s base. Always monitor your bin to check for sufficient aeration even after you’ve placed your bedding, wastes and your worms. For your wood worm bin construction, elevate your bin by giving it legs or placing it on top of bricks. Also make sure to place a tray underneath for collecting leachate drips from the bin. And that’s it!
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